Wisdom teeth are your last molars to emerge at the back of the mouth. They can cause serious pain as well as an infection that would need ASAP treatment. Most often, the solution is to remove your wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth removal aftercare is also necessary to stay healthy.
Why does it need removal?
Removing the wisdom teeth is pretty much the best solution. Of course, there are other remedies to reduce or keep the pain to a minimum. But, these remedies are only a temporary solution.
Besides, the pain could spread and infection might occur if you do not hurry to remove them. Therefore, it would be unwise to not make an appointment for wisdom tooth removal after you have identified it.
The wisdom tooth removal process does not take too long. Generally, it only takes a few minutes for the doctor to get it over with. Although due to surgical complications, the procedure could take longer.
Since it deals with the gum inside the mouth, anesthesia is given to the patient. For this particular procedure, you are likely to be given local anesthesia even though general one could also be used.
Anesthesia is given so that the area becomes numb to any sort of pain. This allows the doctor to continue his work with ease. With the patient feeling no pain, the wisdom tooth is removed.
How the tooth is removed depends on the position of the tooth. If the tooth seems to have not come through the gum then an incision is made to access the tooth. You should not feel any pain due to the anesthesia. But, inform the doc if you do feel any pain. After that, the tooth is cut into little pieces for the removal process to complete.
Before all of this, an X-ray is done which reveals whether you truly have the wisdom tooth problem. Since wisdom teeth become a problem when they are misaligned, the X-ray is done to see how so. Moreover, X-ray ensures the doctor which procedure to take during the surgery.
Preparation before the surgery
There are some preparations or plans you need to make so that you do not fall in trouble after the surgery.
Make sure to get help from others. You might not be able or “in the mood” to drive afterward. That is why you should get someone who can drive you home after the removal of teeth.
Also, if there are certain prescriptions which the doc ordained then you should have them with you. Moreover, it is also recommended to keep other health-related medications with you (if you have any).
Remember that wisdom teeth removal aftercare starts right after surgery.
Right after surgery
Immediately after the surgery is the stage of wisdom teeth removal aftercare. The doc should advise you about aftercare.
If your wisdom tooth is positioned in a way that it has not come through the gum then you will need an incision. You will need stitches because of the incision. Generally, they will provide dissolving stitches to patch up the gum.
Furthermore, the gauze pad is given which you will have to bite on. You will need the gauze for about 30 minutes to even an hour. This is given because of the empty socket from which the tooth has been removed. A blood clot is allowed to generate in that position. You will need to be careful to not dislodge the clot.
Also, you will need to take some antibiotics right after in some cases. You might still not feel too much pain because of the anesthesia given earlier. But, as the anesthesia wears off, you will start to experience some degree of pain.
It is super important to stay put after the surgery. As long as the gauze is in, you should not opt to speak at all. You need to take rest and stay put immediately after the wisdom teeth removal.
Additionally, there is no need to take any food during this time. Also, you should avoid touching the area as this could lead to more trouble. You can start applying ice right after the surgery too.
Wisdom teeth removal complications
There are certain side effects that might appear after the surgery. The wisdom teeth removal surgery is a safe one. You don’t have to worry about the side effects even if you take care with a little caution.
Just like when we lose a tooth, there is some degree of bleeding. It is pretty normal to bleed after this sort of surgery. Bleeding might be sighted with saliva or spit. The bleeding may occur for several hours to even days after the surgery. (Important to realize that there will not be too much blood)
Moreover, if the blood clot is dislodged then more blood is likely to come forth.
Along with little blood, the area surrounding the extracted tooth is likely to swell. Swelling is pretty worse in the first few days after. But with time, the condition improves.
The degree of swelling actually depends on the smoothness of the surgery. Swelling could occur around the mouth, cheeks, and even around the eyes.
Wisdom tooth gives pain and even after its removal, the pain does not go away magically. You are likely to experience pain up until full recovery even. But, the pain over time reduces considerably.
Nausea is common for some people after this sort of surgery. Especially in people with a weak body. In addition, there might also be vomiting. You are not likely to experience nausea after a few hours of the surgery. So, hold on and get through the tough time.
Temporary numbness of the lips and tongue is not out of the question. Numbness does not last for too long. The issue is not you can bite your tongue and not feel the pain. Moreover, you can drink something too hot without realizing its consequences.
That is why it is safer to avoid taking anything right after the surgery. In addition to these, you can also feel fever which should go away within a few hours. It is really important to keep in mind the blood clot which you can dislodge with little touches.
Wisdom teeth removal aftercare
Since there are some complications or side effects that appear after this surgery, it is essential to know the proper aftercare.
As bleeding is likely to start right after the surgery, you have to bite on the gauze pad. Moreover, any sort of exercise and unnecessary talking should be avoided.
The blood clot that forms should not be dislodged. Here are some things that could potentially dislodge the clot.
- Rinsing the mouth vigorously with liquid.
- Touching the surgical area too much.
- Moving mouth too much.
- Brushing with force.
- Drinking hot water or drinks.
You should avoid doing these especially in the first 24 hours or so. You can start to brush at a slow pace. But, avoid the clotting area. Rinsing should completely be avoided if possible since it threatens to dislodge the clot.
A moistened tea bag containing tannic acid is also a good defense against the tooth bleeding.
The proper treatment for swelling is applying ice. No need to apply ice directly. Wrap some ice cubes in a cloth and apply on the outside of your cheek as long as you can. You can apply and then take a short break and then continue again. Cold is the best option for swelling. The swelling condition continues to improve anyway with time.
It is normal for swelling to continue up to a few days. But, this should not worry you at all. It is only a normal reaction to the surgery. It is recommended to apply moderate heat as the swelling improves.
Pain is one serious issue that starts before the surgery and continues afterward. There are simple home remedies to keep the pain to a minimum before the surgery. You can continue those afterward too. Applying ice, onion, guava leaves, etc. can help with the pain. In addition, you can take OTC pain relievers along with other pain medications to deal with the pain.
There is a chance for nausea right after the surgery. In such cases, you should stop taking any food or drinks at that time. Nausea usually happens immediately after the surgery and can last up to an hour or so.
Try to avoid hard foods. If you have a wisdom tooth removed on only one side then you can try hard foods after a few days. You can start having soft foods and liquids the very night of the surgery. Chew less and swallow more!
Furthermore, you can start to use warm salt water to rinse your mouth after a few days. This will help with the pain and prevent infection too.
The removed wisdom tooth will be stitched up. Stitches keep the bleeding to a minimum. Due to brushing and other activities, stitches can get dislodged. You don’t have to worry if that happens. Stitches are generally removed after a week or so of the surgery.
Follow up appointment
The doc should give you a time to get back after the surgery. If they don’t then you should see your dentist after one week or 10 days of the surgery. Moreover, if there is any other difficulty that you face, for example, excess bleeding. Then you should see the doctor as soon as possible.
If the stitches do not break off themselves then they will be removed in the follow-up appointment. Further medications could be provided if you need any.
How long for recovery?
The wisdom teeth removal surgery is a simple one and the recovery time is not long at all. With proper wisdom teeth removal aftercare, you can be up to full speed and running after about two weeks. It can take a little longer depending on how smooth the surgery was.