Wisdom teeth are the third set of molar teeth situated at the back of a person’s mouth. They are usually not present at the early stage of life of humans. They start to appear slowly at the end of teenage or at the very beginning of the twenties. The age is generally from 17-25 years. For some people, the wisdom teeth grow without when they come of the right age without any or very light difficulty. But for some people, the wisdom teeth get stuck as they grow from the deep back part of the mouth. The growth of wisdom teeth occurs in them with a great deal of pain and discomfort. We will discuss everything related to wisdom teeth removal in this article later. Now come to the topic; wisdom teeth removal is only necessary for those people who suffer severely because of it.
What is the reason behind wisdom teeth removal?
There could be many possible reasons behind removing any wisdom tooth. First of all, they create problems and pain in the mouth. Secondly, if any other disease arises in the area surrounding the wisdom teeth. And lastly, the truth is, the wisdom teeth are the useless teeth in your mouth.
We only have them because our ancestors had them. The cavemen used to eat raw, hard, cooked, half cooked or uncooked food mostly. They needed the third pairs of molar teeth in their mouth to chew those foods. But our lifestyle and food habit have completely changed from then. Now we eat healthy and cooked food. As our foods have gotten softer we gradually lost the use of the wisdom teeth. Those people who have wisdom teeth also use them if they eat hard foods sometimes. They do not need it almost always.
They might be molars, but they have the least use among all the other teeth. Because they are situated so far back of your mouth, you will hardly need to use them or they are hardly used by taking food to those extreme corners of the mouth. So basically you do not need them. And if they are causing you pain, why would you keep them to suffer in the first place?
Some problems and reasons for removing wisdom teeth
- They grow from far back part of the mouth. They might get trapped in between the gum or jaw bone; which is very painful by the way.
- Stuck between other tooth and the gum and press against the tooth.
- There could be no room in the mouth for extra pairs of comparatively large molar teeth i.e. the wisdom teeth.
- If you cannot reach the wisdom teeth for cleaning with a toothbrush or dental floss. This could result in causing cavities or gum disease.
These are the most common reasons of people for removing the wisdom teeth.
There is no other way other than performing surgery to remove a wisdom tooth. There is another way. This includes accidents. If you face any accident and lose a tooth to it then it is a way of losing teeth. What I mean is, if you need to remove a wisdom tooth or any other tooth from your mouth because of any reason, the best way for you is to sit for a mini surgery. It is less painful and safer that way. And if you do not want to sit for surgery, well here is an idea; hand over a hammer to a friend of yours and tell them to smack your tooth with that hammer. You will have no teeth within the blink of an eye.
Types of surgeries
There are two ways in which wisdom teeth removal can be performed.
- Simple process
- Fully surgical process
Simple process: In this way, local anesthesia or light sedatives are given the patient and made the surrounding area of the wisdom tooth numb. Then it is extracted. The details of this process are given below.
Surgical process: In this process, a full formal surgery is performed. If the patient has impacted tooth; either muscular or bony, the surgical process is a must. This process is much more complicated than the first one. In some cases, general anesthesia is required to apply to the patient to perform the procedure in him or her. And the cost of this process is also much more compared to the other one. The more details of this process are also given below.
What should you do before wisdom teeth removal surgery?
When it is confirmed that you are sitting for surgery, the first thing you should do is to talk to your surgeon freely about your health condition. If you have any problems you must not hide it. You should also inform him or her about the medications if you are taking any.
Wisdom teeth removal procedure
Before performing the surgery; just before performing the surgery, the surgeon will definitely take X-ray of your mouth. No matter how many times you have done it but it is still a must before removing any tooth from a patient’s mouth.
Then the tooth to be removed and the tissues surrounding it will be made senseless by injecting local anesthesia in the gums. If the patient is too nervous or worried or anxious than the doctor might use sedatives only for that patient to put him or her into sleep for the entire time of the procedure. Or sometimes the sedatives might work even for an hour or two after the procedure.
Once the injected area is fully numb, the dental surgeon will use specialist tools to loosen the connective tissue around the tooth. After that, they will use another set of dental tools after loosening the connective tissue to actually remove the tooth. The patient may feel a lot of pressure at that time but there will be no pain because of the effect of the anesthetic injection. The surgery takes about 45 minutes or sometimes even less or a bit more. But if the surgery is on a compacted tooth, then it could take much more time.
Then after removing the tooth if the surgeon sees that stitches would be good for the healing process than he or she might stitch the operated area. These stitches will be dissolvable; therefore there will not be any problems or discomforts regarding this matter. Normally they dissolve in 3-5 days.
There is an extra step in some cases as I have mentioned earlier. Sometimes it is seen that the wisdom teeth are not being able to break through the gum muscle or a layer of muscle above the tooth. To remove that tooth, the surgeon may remove the muscle off the tooth by making an incision on the muscle and then work on it.
Sometimes it is also seen that the height of the tooth is very low or the roots of the tooth are very strong or the tooth is enclosed with the jaw bone. In such a situation, it becomes very hard for the surgeon to pull the tooth out. In such cases, the surgeon might use a small drill to break the tooth into small pieces and then remove the pieces one by one or even cut a bit of the jaw for extraction.
This is called an impacted tooth. Extracting an impacted tooth is hard for the surgeon. The process is also very complicated and expensive.
After the surgery
- To ensure that the bleeding has stopped, the patient might be told to bite on sterile gauze for approximately 30 minutes after the surgery.
- The patient must abstain from unnecessary eating and drinking as well as talking right after the surgery. Otherwise, it will take longer time to clot the blood in the extraction area.
- For the first 24 hours, the patient should take only liquids and very soft food.
- The patient should not brush or rinse the mouth for the first 12 hours.
- And also stay away from brushing the surgical area for the first few days.
- There could be discomforts and also swelling for the first few days after the surgery. If the patient feels too much pain and discomfort or any other complication which do not seem normal, then they should immediately consult their dentist.
- If it is prescribed by the doctor then the patient should take painkiller medications.
- The patient can use ice packs on the face to get relief from swelling.
- The intake of any type of hard, dry or crunchy food is not allowed for the patient to eat.
- Smoking is strictly prohibited. Smoking can slow down the healing process